Knowing Berlengas Islands have to be one of the items on your to do list while in Portugal. The Berlengas Islands are part of the Berlengas archipelago and is a very close paradise place Lisbon, that's for you to be a very practical bounces back.
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To reach the island, You need to go to Peniche. The Berlengas Islands are part of the district and to get there you need to hire a boat service in Peniche Ribeira.
The Arquipélo consists of three islands: Berlenga Grande, the steles and Farilhões. The most visited island is the Berlenga Grande, where is the Fort of St. John the Baptist.
The Berlengas Islands are a nature reserve since 1465, when King Afonso V banned fighters in Berlenga Grande Island. And it is a World Biosphere Reserve by UNESCO since 2011.
The biological richness of the island is invaluable. The fauna and flora are unique, some animals just exitem on the Island. What do Berlengas an estate. The most important fault line almost separates the north of the island, called Old Island, the southern half, which corresponds to the Berlenga itself.
The geology of these islets is dominated by the presence of magmatic rocks (granites quite deformed red) and metamorphic (gneisses and schists).
The groups of steles and Berlenga are composed of granitic rocks of permocarbónica age reddish or whitish. The group of Farilhões consists of schists and gneisses of antemezozóica age, affected by major fracturing.
What's in Island
Fort of St. John the Baptist
In the mid-seventeenth century, D. John IV ordered the construction of a fortress on the island, to reinforce the defense of the Peniche citadel.
It was then built the Forte de São João Baptista, on a small island near the harbor of the island and connected to it by a masonry bridge. The project engineer Mateus do Couto.
And that Lighthouse has history: It was the basis for British troops, after it was invaded by French troops and was set on fire by Napoleon's troops.
Today, It runs a hotel in the Fort, that gives us the option of lodging in the summer. In other seasons, Hotel is not open.
Praia do Carreiro do Mosteiro
A small beach with clear water. It is the only beach of the island and has 40 meters in length.
As in all Portugal, the water is very cold, only even on hot days to be brave and face the ice.
Lighthouse Duke Bragança
It was compiled in 1841 during the reign of D. Maria II, its tower has 29 meters high. It is at the highest point of Berlenga Grande.
Now has electricity in 1926. But since then it has evolved and today works with solar energy. The lighthouse still has the presence of lighthouse keepers.
In Berlenfas Islands there are three tracks:
1. Rail Berlenga: A trail of 3 km that leads to the Lighthouse and Fort of St. John the Baptist. It's a track with an average degree of difficulty.
2. Old Island Rail: A trail of 1,5 km which gives access to Horns, Black Stone and Dogfish of Carreiro. It's a track with an easy degree of difficulty.
3. sea rail: It's a track 2 km, giving access to Carreiro Agnes, Flanders, S Forte. John the Baptist, blue grotto, Great bored and sleep Cova.
I left Lisbon on a Sunday morning and went to Peniche car, a travel aproximandamente 1:20h.
To go from transport is to go to the Campo Grande station and catch the bus 786, the passage has a value of 11 €.
Upon arriving in the city, we have breakfast and lanchonente, We chatted with a local resident who explained to us as were the boat trips and recommended one of the best companies that exist there.
We followed the recommendation and we were in the company Berlenga Live. Once there we found that most of the rides are crowded and only had vacancy for the boat that would 12h.
Strongly recommend that when you are, make your reservation in advance.
The values to reach the island are 20 € Boat roundtrip. Adds 6 € if you choose to take boat tour maritime trail and see the caves.
I chose to get the full experience and I think it is very worthwhile. The Island is beautiful, the guide tells the story of each place and I love learning new things. Aside from being a visual amazing.
We left the boat 12h and 16h return. After all this walking, We were starving and went to lunch at the restaurant PROFRESCO – Fishmonger and Restaurant.
The restaurant is a bit away from Peniche Ribeira, It has a beautiful view of the sea and the fish menu has a very reasonable value, We eat well and do not pay too expensive.
The boat ride
Many people asked me how was the ride on the boat and I will describe in detail.
The vessel Berlenga Live comes from a line of semi rigid craft, the most modern of today. And this type of vessel is used by the Portuguese Navy.
The round the back is a lot of adrenaline and found super fun. The journey was 25 minutes, approximately, which was one reason we hire Berlenga Live.
To get on the boat and make the trip, one must be equipped with covers protection against water, (entering the vessel in accordance with waves) and life jackets.
The protective cover is super accurate, I a water bath, I got wet legs, face, had moments that could not open his eyes so much water that came and burned my eyes the.
I do not get sick and I believe that almost no one on the boat has sick. I believe that the movement was like roller coaster, It was very up and down.
I loved this tour, It was a great day, funny, I took many pictures, I think it is well worth booking a day to visit the island.
If you have been to Berlenga Island, You tell me what you thought of your ride? We had the same experience I had?