Wherever you go in Portugal will see scattered tiles and to better understand the history of this symbol of the country, I visited the National Tile Museum.
The tiles are of Egyptian origin and inserted in Portugal, Arabs in the thirteenth century. Al-zuleique is the Arabic word that originated the Portuguese tile and designated the “small smooth, polished stone”
It is very common to find buildings, palaces, churches with tiles on its facade. The tiles on the walls of churches have Bible stories, since the reading at that time was a privilege of few.
Some of the places where the tiles predonimam are more train stations in Lisbon and Oporto.
The tile is a ceramic part with small thickness cut plier, from a larger piece of clay using a single color glaze. Getting a shiny and waterproof form. This surface can be painted with one or more colors, It can be smooth or embossed.
The first place in Portugal which was decorated with tiles, was the National Palace of Sintra.
King Dom Manuel I was impressed with the brightness of the parts in one of his trips to Sevilla on 1498 and had put Palace in the parts brought back.
No National Tile Museum, founded in 1980, in Lisbon, It is where you meet all its history and technical developments and artistic of the tiles.
The visit to the museum includes a visit to the convent space, including cloisters, church and chapel. You can see works by artists like Júlio Barradas, Maria Keil, Júlio Pomar, Cargaleiro, Querubim Lapa, among others.
One of the most important museum murals, is the wall that respresenta Lisbon before the earthquake 1755, you can see places that no longer exist today, but are so important to the country's history.
Learn the history of Convento do Carmo, another place that was destroyed by earthquake 1755, know more on here.
The museum functions as a study center Ceramics, Architectural coating, which investigated the field of History of Art and Pottery, the Inventory and also in Conservation and Restoration Tile.
Where today is the Tile Museum, formerly was the Mother of God Church and was what made me more impressed on my visit to the Museum.
Construction of the church began in the sixteenth century and ended up severely damaged in the earthquake 1755. The current church building is the result of much restoration.
The church has a Manueline portal with coats of arms of King D. John II and D. Leonor, the body of the church is covered with blue and white tiles and decorated with baroque gilt.
You is not knowing where to look. You do not know looking for gold, for tiles, for tables around the walls and ceiling or looking for coats.
The photos do not show the real greatness of the place. others recommend a complete visit to the National Tile Museum. The entrance has a cost of 4 €.
You know the Museum? Tell me what you think here. I'd love to know the opnion of you.
To the next! 😉