The National Pantheon is located in the Santa Engracia church and is home to the tombs of great Portuguese personalities.
The existence of a National Pantheon was declared 1836 a decree in Steps performed by Manuel. The goal at that time would dignify the heroes who sacrificed in Revolution 1820 and not let them fall by the wayside of the people.
At the time not yet had a definite place where it would be the Pantheon. And since April 1916 the Pantheon became the Igreja de Santa Engracia.
The National Pantheon was opened to the public for the first time on 01 December 1966, when it finally finished the work of building the church that lasted 284 years.
The opening Mass was presided over by Cardel Cherry. Besides having the presence of the President Américo Tomás.
The Pantheon of the project was Luis Amoroso Lopes, and momumento was the first Baroque in Portugal. It is a modern design, multi-colored marble floors.
In the Pantheon entrance hall are the cenotaphs of the following personalities: Luís de Camões, Pedro Alvares Cabral, Afonso de Albuquerque, Nuno Alvares Pereira, Da Gama and Infante D. Henrique.
But what would cenotaph?? It's a funeral memorial erected to honor a person or group of persons whose remains are elsewhere or are in unknown location.
To continue walking in the Pantheon, there are three other rooms with the tombs of Portuguese personalities.
Almeida Garrett (1799 – 1854): Was a writer and politician. Liberal, Revolution enthusiast 1820, It was introduced Romanticism in Portugal through a vast literary work: Viagens na Minha Terra, Fruit without flowers, Fallen leaves.
John of God (1830 – 1896): It was a great lyric poet and educator. He has been involved in literacy campaigns and the creation of an innovative method of teaching reading to children.
Guerra Junqueiro (1850 – 1923): He joined an academic movement Coimbra, Generation 70, to try to renew the political and cultural life Portuguese. It was also a poet and writer. And he was involved in the Republic of Implementation in 1910.
Amalia Rodrigues (1920 – 1999): He was a singer and actress. He was famous for his own compositions and for playing great successes of Camões and Ary dos Santos. It was one of the great singers of the twentieth century.
Humberto Delgado (1906 – 1965): Was military and political. He was director of the Secretariat of Civil Aviation and founder of TAP. It was also of the Presidency candidate in 1958 and lost by fraud that gave the victory to Américo Tomás. He was assassinated in 1965, by PIDE.
Aquilino Ribeiro (1885 – 1963): Romantista was a writer in the first half of the twentieth century, We succeeded by using rustic terms, and archaic slang in his works. He was considered for the Nobel Prize for Literature 1960. It was also the founder of the Portuguese Society of Writers.
Sophia de Mello Breyner Andresen (1919 – 2004): It was one of the greatest poets of the twentieth century. He received several major awards: Great Poetry Award, Max Jacob Prize, Queen Sofia Prize. She was the first woman to receive the Camões Prize.
Eusebio da Silva Ferreira (1942 – 2014): It was one of the best players of the twentieth century. It was known as Black Panther, because of its speed and desempho. He served in the Selection English, won Golden Ball in 1965, It was the highest scorer of the World Championship in 1966. He won the Golden Boot in 1968 e 1973.
Manuel de Arriaga (1840 – 1917): It was the first President of the Portuguese Republic, constitutionally elected in 24 August 2011. A time of great national and international tension would unfold in World War I. Was, also, Writer, poet and orator.
Teófilo Braga (1843 – 1924): it was political, Writer, essayist. He led the Provisional Government and was acting president in 1915. It was a founder of the Republican Party. His works Songbook People and People Portuguese Traditional tales are renowned.
Sidónio Pais (1872 – 1918): It was a mathematician, professor, military and political. It was a deputy, Minister of promotion, of war, finance and foreign affairs. Was ambassador of Portugal in Berlin, and he was president in after the coup d'état of 1917. He was assassinated in 1918, by a Republican military.
Oscar Carmona (1869 – 1951): It was an officer in the cavalry and then Marechal, had key positions in the military. It was the 11th President of the Republic in 1933, and the first of the New State.
In addition to the rooms, the Pantheon has upper floors where you can have access to Choir- Alto, Interpretation Center and to Terrace.
The Terrace has one of the most amazing views of Lisbon and the Tagus River, be sure to go to the National Pantheon and get the full experience. It is worth climbing all floors: the interpretation center you can see models of construction and how the Pantheon.
The Pantheon opening hours are from Tuesday to Sunday: from 10:00 to 17:00 and entrance fee is 4 €. The entry is free on Sundays and holidays until 14:00 for all citizens residing in Portugal.
I loved me deeper into the history of the Pantheon and in the history of the personalities that are there represented. Try diving in this story and then tell me what you think!
To the next! 😉