The Carnation Revolution took place in 1974, and also, It is known as the Revolution Day 25 of April. This day is a milestone for Portugal, is a holiday and even has a bridge named 25 of April, in honor of Revolution.
And I want to talk more about this story in the country we decided to live.
In 1933 Portugal began in a dictatorial regime of the New State, commanded by Antonio Salazar, who ruled until 1968. After Salazar who assumed the regime was Marcelo Caetano.
The New State launched the Constitution 1933 which had a very authoritative doctrine inspired fascist regimes. Salazar took control and the country and only left after being proven their inability because of health problems.
During the Estado Novo, the opposition has always been strong and rebels had when elections were fraudulent and the same.
In 1973 It was then created the Armed Forces Movement, which was composed of military, militants, college students and had the support of the people.
The MFA meetings were illegal, and the first was held in Bissau. The move was acting clandestinely, They prepare a manifesto and distributed the population and on 25 April 1974 , the revolution began.
The Commander Otelo Carvalho secretly installed combatants command post in Pontinha on 24/04. And the night of the same day, as 22:45h was transmitted by radio music Then Goodbye, Paul Carvalho.
The transmission of music was the combined signal so that the first actions for the coup happen this sequence.
The second signal, It was the transmission of music Grândola, Vila Morena, Zeca Afonso. The music was passed to confirm the blow and determined the beginning of operations.
Interestingly, this second song chosen, It had been declared illegal by the government, because it alluded to communism.
The military coup had the collaboration of several military regiments who develop actions nationwide.
no North, a force CICA 1 led by Lieutenant Colonel Carlos Azeredo takes the headquarters of the Port Region Military These forces are reinforced by forces coming from Lamego.
Forces of Viana do Castelo BC9 take the Pedras Rubras Airport. CIOE forces take the RTP and the CPR at the Port.
The regime reacted, and the defense minister ordered the forces based in Braga to advance on Port, what is not obeyed, since they had already joined the coup.
At Cavalry School Practice, that part of Santarém, it is the most important role: the occupation of the Palace Square. The Palace Square is busy in the early hours of the morning.
Forces went to the barracks of Mount Carmel where the head of government, Marcelo Caetano, that at the end of the day surrenders.
however, Marcelo Caetano demanded that power be handed over to General Antonio de Spinola, that was not part of the MFA, so that the “can not fall on the street”.
And what happened with Marcelo Caetano? He was exiled in Brazil.
The Carnation Revolution was one of the most peaceful in history, and had a bulk population adherence to the movement, the system resistance was nonexistent and fruitless, registering only 4 civilians killed and 45 injured in Lisbon.
Carnations are the symbol of the day, because the population put this flower in the arms of the military, so that the fight was even peaceful.
And the result of the Carnation Revolution was the establishment of a democratic regime, and adherence to a new Portuguese Constitution.
In 2019, it's celebrated 45 years to the day of Liberdade in Lisbon.
In Palace Square will display a projection mapping, between the days 24/04 a 01/05, in times of 21h, 21:30h e 22h, with free admission. The show's name is “April in Lisbon”.
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Until next 😉